A Grid System is a series of vertical and horizontal lines used to bring structure to the content in a design.
Using grids helps you bring consistency to your designs. They help line content up and bring a balance that would otherwise be very hard to achieve. Grids make it easy to align text and images to create a pleasant experience for the user. Correctly aligned content helps reduce the cognitive load of the user since they don’t have to spend time trying to understand the layout.
The Grid System was popularized by the International Typographic Style movement and introduced by legends like Josef Müller-Brockmann and Wim Crouwel.
“ The grid system is an aid, not a guarantee. It permits a number of possible uses and each designer can look for a solution appropriate to his personal style. But one must learn how to use the grid; it is an art that requires practice. ”
Using a Grid System does not mean that you are trapped in the grid you start off with. Once you are comfortable using grids you will see that breaking a grid will give you even more flexibility and will help come up with more creative solutions.
Here are some books that should be included in every designer’s library: